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Graffignano

The fiefdom of Selva Pagana owes its name to a hypothetical founder, probably from the Roman era: in fact Carfinianum means Carfinian, that is, from Carfinio.
The first certain news about Graffignano comes from the 13th century, on the occasion of the act of submission of the noble Baglioni family of Castel di Piero to Viterbo. With this gesture, the lords of the village placed it firmly in the Ghibelline zone of influence, in open opposition to the Guelph Orvieto.
In the 14th century it experienced a difficult period under the harsh rule of the Prefect of Vico, who took advantage of the Avignonese captivity to cruelly plunder the area. Upon his return, the pope also returned the castle to the Baglioni family in thanks for their support and loyalty.
Between the 15th and 16th centuries, the Baglioni family’s infighting over control of the castle prompted Pope Adriano VI to requisition the entire hamlet, which was not returned to the Baglioni until 1531 by Pope Clemente VII.
Just a decade later, the historic dispute with
Civitella d’Agliano regarding the ownership of some land on the border still called La Litigata (The Argument).

In the early 17th century the fief passed into the hands of Countess Domitilla Cesi, widow of the last descendant of the Baglioni family, Adriano, and a descendant in turn of Federico Cesi, the founder of the Accademia dei Lincei in Rome. It was she who introduced the cult of St. Filippo Neri and the feast of Our Lady of Sorrows, accompanied by the related Company of the Seven Sorrows.

In the 17th century it was the Borromeo family that took possession of the town, retaining ownership until 1741 when the newly established principality was sold to the Roman prince Scipione Publicola di Santa Croce.
To the period of the Napoleonic wars we owe the merger with the nearby village of Sipicciano, in the course of an administrative reorganization of the entire area desired by the French authorities.
In the last two centuries the history of Graffignano and Sipicciano has faithfully followed the furrow traced by the events of the surrounding area.

Places to visit

Church of Madonna dell’Aiuto

a precious joy to visit on the Grottana road, in the valley crossed by the Rigo stream. The main attraction of this rectangular, single-nave building is a recently restored altar, adorned with a rectangular niche flanked by marble columns resting on a corbel...

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Archaeological remains of Poggio della Guardia

Archaeological remains of Poggio della Guardia

Near Sipicciano, the remains of a Roman-era settlement (first century B.C.) were found just 1.5 km from the Tiber River. As a result of careful excavation operations, it was possible to unearth a villa, a production area and other related structures. Exploration of...

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Baglioni Chapel

Baglioni Chapel

In the center of Sipicciano, in the second half of the 16th century, Alberto Baglioni had the family chapel built as part of the then Church of Santa Maria Assunta in Cielo, on the occasion of the renovation of the Aula Magna of his palace. At the same time he...

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Sipicciano

Sipicciano

a hamlet near Graffignano, with which it shares its plateau, is itself divided into two districts, San Nicola and Poggio del Castagno, perpetually separated by a very deep ravine. A short distance from the Lake Alviano Nature Oasis and the Monte Casoli Nature Reserve,...

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Baglioni Santacroce Castle

Baglioni Santacroce Castle

according to the classic Castrum system, the town of Graffignano developed following the construction of the castle, erected in a strategic position for the protection of supplies, not only food, between Viterbo and Umbria. In the 13th century, the castle was...

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Castello Baglioni’s Pozzi da Butto

Castello Baglioni’s Pozzi da Butto

Restoration workers at Castello Baglioni Santacroce, stumbled by chance, in 2009, upon three rubbish pits that can be placed between the 15th and 16th centuries. Despite the unpalatable nature of the find for an ordinary person, for the scholars it was a veritable...

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Church of San Bernardino

Church of San Bernardino

a delightful building, isolated in a small square in Sipicciano, has a dry façade made of blocks of tufa, peperino and limestone on which a rose window opens to allow the passage of natural light. Inside it has a single nave surmounted by a wooden ceiling, while the...

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Sanctuary of the Madonna of Castellonchio

Sanctuary of the Madonna of Castellonchio

just a kilometer from the surprising Graffignano, surrounded by majestic centuries-old pines that guard it and keep it company, the Sanctuary of the Madonna of Castellonchio affectionately welcomes all who come to interrupt its solitude. It is said to have welcomed a...

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Sipicciano

Sipicciano

The first reference to the Rocca dei Pirri was traced to a document from 840 A.D. in which Lothair I confirmed privileges over the "fundo Sepiciano" in favor of the powerful Abbey of Farfa. But from these remote times the history of the village promises to be...

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